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Spouse of Japanese Nationals
Spouse of Permanet Residents
Visa for foreign nationals who got married with Japanese
Visa for foreign nationals who got married with permanent residents, special permanent residents
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Administrative scrivener corporation Partner offers advice for spouse of Japanese national visa and spouse of permanent resident visa.
This visa requires to explain well about the background and present life of applicants' marriage with Japanese/ permanent resident/special permanent resident.
It is important to ask experts for advice early in order to successfully get the visa.
Spouse of a Japanese National visa
Spouse of Japanese National visa is a visa for spouse of a Japanese national, a child of a Japanese national by birth or those specially adopted by a Japanese national in accordance with the provisions of Article817-2 of the Civil Code.
１．Spouse of a Japanese national
To apply for Spouse of a Japanese National, it needs to be legally married. This visa is not applicable to common-low marriage.
In order to prevent a fake marriage, applicants have to prepare a record sheet (history from the encounter with the partner to marriage) in time series.
２．A child of a Japanese national
A child of a Japanese national means one’s own child or an acknowledged child who was born outside of marriage.
Following conditions are qualified to this visa. Either mother or father of a child has to be Japanese national when the child was born, or the father of the child died before the birth and the father has to have Japanese national before his death.
３．Special adoption of a Japanese national
“Special adoption with the provisions of Article817-2 of the Civil Code” is applicable to spouse of Japanese national visa, because the child is regard as the own child of foster father and mother by the family court.
General adoption, however, is not applicable.
Spouse of a Permanent Resident
Spouse of a permanent resident means a spouse of a permanent resident visa holder or a spouse of a special permanent resident provided by the Special Act on the Immigration Control of, Inter Alia, those who lost Japanese Nationality, or a child of a permanent resident or a special permanent resident, who born in Japan and stay in Japan.
１．Spouse of a permanent resident・a special permanent resident
To apply for spouse of a permanent resident or a special permanent resident, it needs to be legally married. This visa is not applicable to common-low marriage.
２．.A child who was born in Japan as a child of a permanent resident
A child of a permanent resident or a special permanent resident means one’s own child or an acknowledged child who was born outside of marriage, in Japan.
The requirement is that birthplace must be in Japan. Even though the mother of a child is permanent resident visa holder, in the case that the child was born oversea, the child cannot apply for this visa.
Judgment points of spouse of a Japanese national and spouse of a permanent resident visa
The marriage must be legal.
Please complete legal marriage procedures.
For more information about international marriage procedures and other information, please check the following links.
International marriage procedures＞＞ Here
Marriage with a Chinese national＞＞Here
Marriage with an illegal resident＞＞Here
It is very important that the marriage is actually happening.
The couple must have an actual relationship before their marriage.
Background of relationship form encounter to marriage, pictures, age gap, the experience of divorce are judgment points for this visa.
３．Ability to earn a living
It is necessary to make a secure income to live as a household in Japan after acquiring the visa.
Household that depends on part-time worker, job-hopper, or being unemployed would be difficult to acquire the spouse of a Japanese national visa.
Besides, people who work as solo proprietors have to pay attention.
If the solo proprietor has enough income, but did not pay taxes due to tax-reduction strategy, sometimes it would be judged as not having enough ability to earn a living.
Applicants must have had an excellent attitude and behavior in Japan. Not having traffic violations, overstay and criminal records and so on.
Ｑ．I haven’t been married yet. Can I apply for spouse of a Japanese national visa?
It is necessary to complete legal marriage procedures in order to apply this visa.
But there is another approach, which is coming to Japan by Temporary visitor status (family visit as a fiancé) and changing the status of residence to spouse of a Japanese national after the marriage procedure in Japan.
Ｑ．We knew each other through online dating sites. Dose it affect the result of the application?
It has been increasing that Japanese and foreign nationals meet and get close to each other through WeChat and SNS in recent years. So, this will not be arson to be rejected.
However, as the increase of fake marriages, applicants need to submit documents as an evidence to prove the marriage is not fake.
Ｑ．I run my own business and have low tax payment. Can my wife acquire spouse of a Japanese national visa?
If the supporter has low income or has low tax payment due to some reasons, or in the case the supporter only could get a certificate of tax exemption, it will be difficult to acquire spouse of a Japanese national visa. However, since one of the main judgment points of this visa is “whether the family have enough income or funds to live in Japan,” you might like to prepare additional documents to overturn the reason of low tax payment.
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